Red mud pollution in Marseille: Fifth and final case hearing of European Rights of Nature Tribunal
The factory of Gardanne (Bouches du Rhône), is producing alumina or aluminum oxide, a material used to make electronic components, ceramics, and refractory material. This activity emits toxic waste full of heavy metals and heightened radioactivity, causing the famous “red muds”, and it has been happening with state authorization since 1967.
Through a 55 km long pipe, they are spread at a depth of 320 meters in the Cassidaigne canyon, an oceanic trench that used to be home to extraordinary biodiversity.
In total, 32 million tons (kg) of mud have been discharged. Nature’s destruction is so serious, that it seems scientifically impossible to restore the ecosystems.
Red Mud in Marseille hearing
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